Frameworks for learning: our roadmaps

Photo by Matt Duncan on Unsplash

“I firmly believe that technology is best taught within the context of the core curriculum. The natural use of authentic technology within the classroom setting, just like the way we use paper and pencil without any second thoughts, is always what I’m striving for.” Kim Cofino

Ruben Puentedura talks about SAMR on his presentation ‘Transformation, technology and education’ with two very clear examples, one applied to technology, and the other one to the classroom. It makes me wonder about our practices and believes when it comes to technology integration. I have seen people suggesting that technology integration is ‘find-out a new Apps every month’. No purpose, no curriculum alignment, no sense. When technology integration means transformation. 

When I was looking for extra information about SAMR, I found in Puentedura’s blog, an interesting presentation about Learning and technology today: notes for a future that arrived early. He presents some graphics explaining the evolution of knowledge.

  1.  From content knowledge and information literacy (Foundational knowledge) to metacognition and humanistic knowledge. I can relate it with IBO values and vision of learners that are critical thinkers, academically honest, applying ATL skills, also living the IB learner profile.
  2.  A connection between information technologies, communication patterns and work & leisure space design. It clearly shows the change of stand-alone learning to collaborative learning. We are changing our ways of learning-connecting-sharing.
  3. A comparative chart: we can see how TPCK is located (embedded?) under the umbrella of SAMR between Augmentation and Modification. Why? I hope I can answer that question as I keep on working on this post.

Wondering about Lissa Layman’s post ‘Thinking critically about technology integration’, and her adapted graphic about the process of technology integration, makes me think about our practices: it’s not about the tool, it’s about a well design planned lesson that will integrate technology naturally to create knowledge and transform the learning experience. These experiences will change the student approach to learning and will give them; the confidence and expertise to drive their own experience and become independent learners.

TPACK approach:

When I was thinking about the TPACK framework, it shows me how the traditional style of teaching (concept-based = textbooks) can’t succeed in technology integration. You need more than content, you need expertise in teaching and learning (knowledge about how children learn and the best practices to enhance the learning process) and the desire to develop your IT skills and knowledge to reach the perfect point in which Technology meets Knowledge, Content, and Pedagogy. I don’t think is an impossible mission but it requires dedication and hard work. In my opinion, it will simplify personalization and differentiation in class.

As a school librarian, our job has changed so much in the last 20 years. We are surrounded by technology, 24/7 and we can manage our library software from our mobiles, access on-line databases and guide our patrons to became independent learners… just with one click!

Do we have roadmaps? Yes and No. Usually, librarians follow a curriculum and a set of standards. 

As a school librarian, I follow the American Association of School Librarian (AASL) Standards. In fact, they just enhance them crossing paths with ISTE standards for teachers and students. It’s AASL standards crosswalk project. And, I also align with the UOI of IBPYP. But, my practices are changing as I going in deep on my COETAIL journey.
I firmly believe that teachers shall be well trained to cross paths with technology. Otherwise, they will feel insecure and won’t move from the basic steps. Integrate technology shall be one of the main points of the strategic plan of the school. It will be the only way to make it work.  And, perhaps, one day we will say that we are all technology teachers.

When I was reading Kim Cofino’s post, I totally agreed with the idea of technology taught embedded in the core curriculum because it’s when it makes sense and students can find it useful. It’s exactly the same perspective that I have about how to teach research skills or citation and referencing. It has to be embedded in the core curriculum. In that way, the paths of content, pedagogy, and technology crossed. And, as educators, we will be preparing students with strong skills and agency. 

Shall we all be technology teachers? I can also paraphrase it as: Shall we all be librarians?? 

I strongly believe that it’s one more hat that we should wear!

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